14c28n steel Forge

14c28n steel Forge

Knifemakers often get perplexed about which steel material to employ to accomplish their desired outcomes due to the abundance of steel variants with strings of complicated characters as names. When it comes to selecting between knives made of various blade materials, knifemakers are constantly overwhelmed.

This article will look at 14C28N steel, one of the most common steels used in knife manufacturing. You'll learn all there is to know about this steel, including its composition, essential characteristics, and more, to help you determine whether it's suitable for knife manufacturing.


What is 14c28n steel?

14C28N is a stainless steel grade produced by the Sandvik Group, a Swedish company. This brand is appreciated by knife enthusiasts worldwide for its high-quality metallic products. Its 14C28N steel is a non-powder metal alloy designed especially for knife blades.

The steep option arose from Sandvik's engineers' effort to improve 13C26, a kind of stainless steel used in shaving blades. They wanted the alternative version to become more corrosion-resistant. This steel was made with additional chromium for this reason. Unlike other steels, which utilize carbon to increase hardness, this employs nitrogen to achieve the same goal and avoid corrosion and rust.


Chemical Composition 

It's essential to examine the alloy's formula more carefully to understand better how well it performs. The components are chosen to combine with the steel, and how much of each material introduced may influence the quality a 14c28n steel knife will provide. The most significant components of 14c28n steel, along with their respective percentages, are listed below.

  •  Chromium (14%): That's a lot of chromium. Chromium is added to steel to increase its corrosion resistance. Indeed, a steel is not called stainless until it contains at least 10% chromium. With 14% chromium, it exceeds the bare minimum requirement.

  • Carbon (0.62%): The presence of carbon in this composition contributes to the hardness of the steel (though it also helps with corrosion resistance). In this instance, it's not nearly as much as you'd find in other hard steels. Indeed, this has less carbon than the 13C26 on which it was built.

  • Reduced carbon isn't always a negative thing since too much carbon may be a problem. It has long been recognized that excess carbon (and therefore a high hardness level) also results in more than brittleness. In practice, employing steel with a high carbon content increases the danger of chipping. You do not want to pry anything open with a highly sharp knife blade.

  • Nitrogen (0.11%): This contributes to its strength as well. That is, it minimizes the possibility of steel chipping. Additionally, scientists discovered that the addition of nitrogen here might significantly improve corrosion resistance.

  • Manganese (0.6): The inclusion of manganese (0.6%), added here, is one of the reasons 14c28n steel is more rigid than many steels around. Again, you don't want to have too much of it to avoid brittleness.

  • Silicon (0.2%): This is another component that contributes to the strength. The slight amount of silicon here tends to help but should not significantly increase the brittleness.

  • Phosphorus (0.025%): This also helps mitigate the danger of brittleness associated with the steel's hardness.

  • Sulfur (0.01%): When sulfur is added to the mix, it primarily increases the steel's machinability. This entails making it simpler to work with to ensure a seamless and cost-effective manufacturing process. Additionally, the sulfur enables knife makers to provide you with a razor-sharp edge straight out of the box.



The mechanical properties of steel are highly dependent on its constituent components, heat treatment, and production process. These are the primary characteristics of knives manufactured with 14C28N steel:

Edge retention

    As the composition table indicates, the steel includes a significant proportion of chromium and carbon, which increases its hardness. Since this steel grade is very hard, with a maximum hardness of 62Hrc, you can count on it to retain its edge quite well.

    Resistance to abrasion

      Carbon and manganese contribute to the high hardness and wear resistance of steel.

      Resistance to corrosion

        The highest amount of chromium required to make a steel stainless is 10%. With a greater chromium concentration in its chemical makeup, up to 14%, this steel is wholly stainless and provides superior resistance to corrosion and rusting. This property enables blades manufactured of 14C28N to be used in various circumstances, including damp and humid settings.


          Due to the hardness of the 14c28n steel, it will retain its sharpness for an extended period before requiring sharpening. Additionally, it is simple to sharpen.


            This metal's toughness is a vulnerability. High degrees of hardness come at the cost of decreased toughness.


             14c28n Steel Hardness

            The hardness of 14c28n steel is highly dependent on the heat treatment process and other variables. Various brands may use a variety of different techniques to achieve varying degrees of hardness. Generally, however, you can predict the HRC index of 14c28n steel between 55 and 62 HRC. Because most kitchen knives have a hardness of 52 to 60 HRC, the 14c28n steel is harder than expected. Additionally, the 14c28n steel is more rigid than a typical EDC pocket knife, typically with a hardness extent of 57 to 59 HRC. This steel's hardness range of 55-62 HRC makes it very flexible since it can be used to create various kinds of knives. This steel is often found in pocket knives, chef's knives, and hunting knives. Not only does it perform well while fishing, but the superb corrosion resistance also plays a part.

            Other steels are harder than 14c28n steel but at the expense of performance. Often, these tougher steels are also more brittle, which results in frequent chipping. And to prevent this, the 55-62 HRC range is an excellent "sweet spot" for many knife users.


            Is 14c28n Steel a Good Knife Material?

            14C28N is excellent knife steel. The primary advantage of utilizing this steel for blades is its incredible strength and durability. This makes it the ideal steel for blades that need continuous cutting and are used in various situations. The 14C28N steel is an excellent choice for pocket knives and kitchen knives. When using this steel knife in the kitchen, you won't have to worry about your 14c28n steel knife rusting or corroding due to various meals.

            However, as previously stated, the hardness of this steel is debatable. As such, we do not recommend using it on blades designed for demanding work.

            You may want to avoid using this knife when camping or doing other similar activities. While it has the advantage of keeping its edge and sharpness for an extended amount of time, it is prone to break when confronted with complex activities.



            In general, 14c28n steel is excellent. While they are somewhat more costly than other knives on the market, they provide excellent value for money. If you're looking for a durable knife that can be used for almost anything, you can't go wrong with a 14c28n steel knife. The 14c28n will provide an excellent cutting pleasure in your kitchen, and I strongly suggest it if you plan to buy one.

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